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Intrauterine Infections


Organism Disease Transplacental infection? Infection shortly before or during delivery
Treponema pallidum Congenital syphilis yes
Rubella Congenital rubella syndrome Yes
Cytomegalovirus Congenital cytomegalovirus disease Yes
Toxoplasma gondii Congenital toxoplasmosis Yes
Hepatitis B Congenital Hepatitis B infection Yes (possible) Yes (usually)
Herpes Simplex (type-2) Neonatal herpes simplex infection Yes
Varicella-zoster congenital varicella infection yes yes
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Congenital AIDS Yes Yes
Listeria monocytogenes Listeriosis Yes
Neisseria gonorrhoeae Opthalmia neonatorum Yes
Chlamydia trachomatis Opthalmia neonatorum / neonatal pneumonia Yes
Candida albicans neonatal oral thrush Yes
 

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